PCI Express XMC Module, with 8 simultaneous LTC2203 channels of 25 MSPS 16-bit A/D, and 1.8M FPGA with DSP
- 8 simultaneously sampling 16-bit, 25 MSPS A/Ds (max 8 channels at 10MSPS over PCIe)
- Programmable input: +/-2V, +/-1V, +/-0.4V, +/-0.1V
- High impedance, differential inputs
- Xilinx Spartan3A DSP, 1.8M gate FPGA
- 4MB SRAM
- Programmable Low Jitter PLL timebase
- Framed, software or external triggering
- Log acquisition timing and events
- 44 bits digital IO on P16
- Power Management features
- XMC Module (75×150 mm)
- PCI Express (VITA 42.3)
- Use in any PCI Express desktop, compact PCI/PXI, or cabled PCI Express application
The X3-10M is an XMC IO module based on the LTC2203 Adc that can be fitted in a PC using a XMC to PCIe adapter or XMC to PCI adapter or a CompactPCI chassis using a XMC to CompactPCI adapter or a Standalone PC. Other hosting options include a standalone eInstrument and connection to a variety of PC hosts.
The data acquisition board has 8 channels of simultaneous 16 bit analogue to digital converters. The maximum sample rate that can be streamed to the host is 10MSPS all 8 channels. The analogue inputs have a lowpass filter with cutoff at 6MHz, and a programmable gain amplifier which gives input ranges of +/-2V, +/-1V, +/-0.4V and +/-0.2V. The converter (LTC2203) is a pipelined successive approximation device.
The converters have a maximum conversion rate of 25MSPS but the interface to the onboard memory can only sustain ~160MB/s in and out functioning as a FIFO to the host. Therefore the converters can only be run above 10MSPS if a) only 4 channels or less are used, or b) if user logic is inserted to the data flow before the memory interface which decimates the data. For example a digital downconverter.
The X3-10M has an onboard PLL which can be driven by an onboard reference oscillator or by an offboard reference clock. Alternately the user can supply an external clock. Triggering of the start of samples can be done by software or an external active high LVTTL signal.
The X3-10M also has 44 bits of user digital IO. This can be read or written to as a 32 bit register from the host, or if the user modifies the logic, can be used to interface to a variety of digital devices such as serial, parallel ports, I2C devices etc. The Spartan3 device supports LVTTL.
Data acquisition control, signal processing, buffering, and system interface functions are implemented in a Xilinx Spartan3A DSP FPGA, 1.8M gate device. Two 512Kx32 memory devices are used for data buffering and FPGA computing memory. The data acquisition board has a single lane PCI Express interface to the host which can sustain 160MB/s to the host.
The X3-10M is supported by Malibu, a set of C++ libraries to use the board under Windows and Linux. This includes example programs to use the board to setup the logic, acquire samples and stream them to disk.
The logic can be fully customized using VHDL and MATLAB using the FrameWork Logic toolset. The MATLAB BSP supports real-time hardware-in-the-loop development using the graphical, block diagram Simulink environment with Xilinx System Generator.
- Analogue to Digital Converter(s) = LTC2203
- FPGA = Xilinx Spartan3A DSP – XC3SD1800A
- Digital to Analogue = N/A
The board comes complete with working logic (Framework Logic) and software drivers (Malibu). Please see the data flow diagram.
The simplied data flow from Adc(s) to host application works as follows. Samples from the Adc(s) are clocked into the FPGA. The samples are packed where necessary for efficient use of the RAM chips. The RAM is used as a virtual FIFO to decouple the continuous stream of the Adc(s) from the block transfer nature of PCIe. The user application sets the packetsize. When a whole packet of data is available in the RAM, the PCIe DMA controller does a bus master transfer to the host memory. At configuration time the device drivers reserve physical memory for this purpose. When the transfer is complete, the DMA controller sends an interrupt to Malibu which then copies the packet from the busmaster area to virtual memory and then fires an event in the User application with a reference to the data.
On X3-10M the Adc memory is 1MB.
- Multichannel sensor interface
- Electronic Counter Measures (ECM)
- Neuro-physical instrumentation
- High speed motion recording
- Spectral Analysis